Mallorca or Majorca, is the largest island of the Balearic Islands, in Spain, and located in the Mediterranean Sea. It is synonymous with world-renowned beaches and coves, but is also a perfect destination to enjoy countryside, golf, culture, water sports, entertainment... There are many reasons to visit or live in this enclave in the Balearic Islands.
With a typical Mediterranean climate and around 300 days of sunshine a year, summers are dry and hot with temperatures ranging from around 70ºF (21ºC) to 86ºF (30ºC), and winters mild and humid ranging from 47ºF (9ºC) to 60ºF (16ºC), with some exceptional snow in the coldest days.
The island measures almost 50 miles (80 kilometres) from one end to the other and is outstanding for its diversity. It has 342 miles (550 kilometres) of coastline, where you will find some of the Mediterranean's most beautiful beaches and coves. There are more than 200 of them, from white sand and full range service beaches, to small coves set between cliffs and pine groves scattered around the island.
The countryside also plays an important role, with almost 40 percent of the island protected. Its landscapes are characterised by contrast. There are outstanding mountainous areas such as the Serra de Tramuntana in the north of the island with peaks reaching over 4,500 ft (1,400 meters) above sea level, flat rural land in the interior, and idyllic beaches, coves and special areas like the Cabrera Reserve, a group of islands and islets.
There are pleasant surprises to be found in every corner of Mallorca, and can be discovered by many means. There are a host of routes and hiking trails, both along the coast and inland. They are fully signed, with information panels, meaning you can discover the island's diversity on foot, bike, car or boat.
Its clean, clear waters are ideal for swimming and water sports such as sailing, scuba diving, windsurfing and fishing. With almost 30 marinas, some of them hosting large yachts, boat enthusiasts find their needs covered in any part of the island. However, these are not the only activities available, there are more than 20 golf courses, harmoniously set in their surroundings, long and diverse biking routes, sports centres with football fields, tennis courts and pools, and dozens of other different activities.
The capital, Palma, is famous for its historic old town and vibrant nightlife, and it has a great infrastructure with many first-class hotels, top restaurants, famous shops, unique museums, private hospitals, excellent international schools and a large port. As a international destination for millions of tourists every year and with thousands of foreign residents, it has a unique combination of local and foreign cultures and everything is adapted for non-Spanish speakers with many services and places offered in English, German or French.
Culture and gastronomy are a vital part of the life of the island. Throughout the year there are many festivals, concerts, events and exhibitions. Towns such as Deià, Pollença and Valldemossa have captivated artists for centuries, on account of their picturesque atmosphere. And towns like Binissalem, Santa Maria, and Consell are famous for its excellent wines. Nowadays, Majorca is a favourite holiday destination for famous people from the world of business, politics, film and fashion.
Furthermore, the island has excellent communications with elsewhere in Europe and the world, with Son Sant Joan international airport at 5 miles (8 kilometres) away from Palma, and scheduled boat and ferry services from Palma and Alcudia ports.
- Population: 873,554
- Capital and largest city: Palma (pop. 402,949)
- Area: 1,405 sq mi (3,640 km2)
- Highest elevation: 4,741 ft (1,445 m)